rakaposhi

The Karakoram Mountain Ranges

The Karakoram Mountain Ranges | MyAdventure.Pk

The Karakoram Mountain Ranges

mountain ranges of karakoram

The Karakoram, or the Karakoram, is a large mountain range spanning the borders between Pakistan, India, and China, located in the regions of Gilgit–Baltistan, Ladakh, and Xinjiang region. It is one of the Greater Ranges of Asia and is considered to be a subrange of the Himalayas.

The Karakoram is home to the highest concentration of peaks over 8000m in height to be found anywhere on earth, including K2, the second highest peak in the world 8,611 m. The range is about 500 km in length and is the most heavily glaciated part of the world outside the Polar Regions.

The Siachen Glacier at 70 kilometers and the Biafo Glacier at 63 kilometers rank as the world’s second and third longest glaciers outside the Polar Regions. Some of the debris-covered Karakoram glaciers are found to be expanding but other ones are retreating. About 28-50% of the mountains are glaciated.

The Karakoram is bounded on the northeast by the edge of the Tibetan Plateau, and on the north by the Pamir Mountains. The southern boundary of the Karakoram is formed, west to east, by the Gilgit, Indus, and Shyok Rivers, which separate the range from the northwestern end of the Himalaya range proper as these rivers converge southwestward towards the plains of Pakistan.

The Tashkurghan National Nature Reserve and the Pamir Wetlands National Nature Reserve in the Karakorum and Pamir mountains have been nominated for inclusion in UNESCO in 2010 by the National Commission of the People’s Republic of China for UNESCO and has tentatively been added to the list.

Name the Karakoram is a Turkic term meaning black gravel. The name was first applied by local traders to the Karakoram Pass. Early European travelers, including William Moorcroft and George Hayward, started using the term for the range of mountains west of the pass, although they also used the term Muztagh for the range now known as the Karakoram. Later terminology was influenced by the Survey of India, whose surveyor Thomas Montgomerie in the 1850s gave the labels K1 to K6 to six high mountains visible from his station at Mount Haramukh in Kashmir.

Exploration of the Karakorom Ranges

Due to its altitude and ruggedness, the Karakoram is much less inhabited than parts of the Himalayas further east. European explorers first visited early in the 19th century, followed by British surveyors starting in 1856. The Muztagh Pass was crossed in 1887 by the expedition of Colonel Francis Younghusband and the valleys above the Hunza River were explored by General Sir George K. Cockerill in 1892. Explorations in the 1910s and 1920s established most of the geography of the region.

The name Karakoram was used in the early 20th century, for example by Kenneth Mason, for the range now known as the Baltoro Muztagh. The term is now used to refer to the entire range from the Batura Muztagh above Humza in the west to the Saser Muztagh in the bend of the Shyok River in the east.

Karakoram Geology and Glaciers karakorom glaciars

The Karakoram is in one of the world’s most geologically active areas, at the boundary between two colliding continents. A significant part, 28-50% of the Karakoram Range is glaciated, compared to the Himalaya and Alps. Mountain glaciers may serve as an indicator of climate change, advancing and receding with long-term changes in temperature and precipitation. Karakoram glaciers are mostly stagnating or enlarging, because, unlike in the Himalayas, many Karakoram glaciers are covered in a layer of rubble which insulates the ice from the warmth of the sun. Where there is no such insulation, the rate of retreat is high.

The Karakoram during the Ice Age In the last ice age, a connected series of glaciers stretched from western Tibet to Nanga Parbat, and from the Tarim basin to the Gilgit District. To the south, the Indus glacier was the main valley glacier, which flowed 120 kilometers down from Nanga Parbat massif to 870 meters elevation. In the north, the Karakoram glaciers joined those from the Kunlun Mountains and flowed down to 2,000 meters in the Tarim basin.

While the current valley glaciers in the Karakorum reach a maximum length of 76 kilometers, several of the ice-age valley glacier branches and main valley glaciers had lengths up to 700 kilometers. During the Ice age, the glacier snowline was about 1,300 meters lower than today.

Karakoram Highest peaks

The notable peaks of the Karakoram are:

K2 — 8,611 meters, Gasherbrum I — 8,080 meters,

k2

 

Broad Peak — 8,051 metres ,

broad Peak

Gasherbrum II — 8,035 metres ,

Gasherbrum II

Gasherbrum III — 7,952 metres ,

Gasherbrum III

 

Gasherbrum IV — 7,925 metres ,

Gasherbrum IV

Rakaposhi Peak — 7,788 metres,

rakaposhi

Distaghil Sar — 7,885 metres

Kunyang Chhish — 7,852 metres,

Masherbrum I — 7,821 metres,

Batura I — 7,795 metres,

Batura II — 7,762 metres,

Kanjut Sar — 7,760 metres,

Saltoro Kangri — 7,742 metres,

Batura III — 7,729 metres,

Saser Kangri — 7,672 metres,

Chogolisa — 7,665 metres,

Haramosh Peak — 7,397 metres,

Momhil Sar — 7,343 metres,

Baintha Brakk — 7,285 metres,

Muztagh Tower — 7,273 metres.

The majority of the highest peaks are in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Baltistan has more than 100 mountain peaks exceeding 6,100 metres height from sea level.

K-names, K1: Masherbrum, K2, K3: Broad Peak, K4: Gasherbrum II, K5: Gasherbrum I, K6: Baltistan Peak, K7: 6,934 m peak near Charakusa Valley, K9: approx. 7,000 m peak near Trango Towers, K10: Saltoro Kangri I, K11: Saltoro Kangri II, K12: subsidiary peak of Saltoro Kangri, K22: Saser Kangri I Subranges

The naming and division of the various subranges of the Karakoram are not universally agreed upon. However, the following is a list of the most important subranges, following Jerzy Wala. The ranges are listed roughly west to east.

Batura Muztagh, Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountains, Spantik-Sosbun Mountains, Hispar Muztagh, South Ghujerab Mountains, Panmah Muztagh, West Mountains, Masherbrum Mountains, Baltoro Muztagh, Saltoro Mountains, Siachen Muztagh, Rimo Muztagh, Saser Muztagh, Passes From west to east Kilik Pass, Mintaka Pass, Khunjerab Pass), Shimshal Pass, Mustagh Pass, Karakoram Pass, Sasser Pass

The Khunjerab Pass is the only motorable pass across the range. The Shimshal Pass is the only other pass still in regular use. Cultural references

The Karakoram mountain range has been referred to in a number of novels and movies. Rudyard Kipling refers to the Karakorum mountain range in his novel Kim, which was first published in 1900. Marcel Ichac made a film titled the Karakoram, chronicling a French expedition to the range in 1936. The film won the Silver Lion at the Venice Film Festival of 1937. Greg Mortenson details the Karakoram, and specifically K2 and the Balti, extensively in his book Three Cups of Tea, about his quest to build schools for children in the region. In the Gatchaman TV series, the Karakoram range houses Galactor’s headquarters.

 

 

Nagar Valley

Heaven on Earth – The Nagar Valley – Reasons to Visit Nagar Valley in 2018

Heaven on Earth – The Nagar Valley

Nagar Valley is the prime attraction for tourists with spectacular sceneries of the surrounding mountains. A view of four 7,000 m high peaks, i.e., Rakaposhi, Diran, Golden, and Ultra, from various points of Hunza makes it unique. The valley is known for its delicious fruits, terraced fields, landmark monuments and also for its changing colors in various seasons. Burushaski and Wakhi are spoken languages of Hunza Nagar region but English and Urdu are widely used for communication with visitors. Nagar has been a state of equal status and importance as that of Hunza. Although the valley is spread in a vast region, however, the main village of Nagar is just opposite to Karimabad, across the Hunza River. Bar, Jaffarabad, Husanabad, Sikandarabad, Nilt, and Ghulmit are the major village in Nagar.

rakaposhi

Rakaposhi is a mountain in the Karakoram mountain range in Pakistan. It is situated in the middle of Nagar Valley Nagar District and Danyore and Bagrote valley approximately 100 km north of the capital city Gilgit of the semi-autonomous Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Rakaposhi means “Snow Covered” in the local language. Rakaposhi is also known as Dumani (“Mother of Mist” or “Mother of Clouds”). It is ranked 27th highest in the world and 12th highest in Pakistan, but it is more popular for its beauty than its rank might suggest. Rakaposhi was first climbed in 1958 by Mike Banks and Tom Patey, members of a British-Pakistani expedition, via the Southwest Spur/Ridge route. Both of them suffered minor frostbite during the ascent to the summit on June 25. Another climber slipped and fell on the descent and died during the night.

The impressive ice walls of Rakaposhi 7788 m. Rakaposhi is a mountain in the Karakoram mountain range in Pakistan. It is situated in the middle of Nagar Valley Nagar District and Danyore and Bagrote valley approximately 100 km north of the capital city Gilgit of the semi-autonomous Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan. Rakaposhi means “Snow Covered” in the local language. Rakaposhi is also known as Dumani (“Mother of Mist” or “Mother of Clouds”). It is ranked 27th highest in the world and 12th highest in Pakistan, but it is more popular for its beauty than its rank might suggest.

 

Rakaposhi was first climbed in 1958 by Mike Banks and Tom Patey, members of a British-Pakistani expedition, via the Southwest Spur/Ridge route.[3][4] Both of them suffered minor frostbite during the ascent to the summit on June 25. Another climber slipped and fell on the descent and died during the night.

Hopper glacier

hoper glacier

Hopper Glacier is located in the US state of Montana. The glacier is situated east of Sky Pilot Mountain in the Beartooth Mountains at an elevation of 11,000 feet (3,400 m) above sea level.

The Hopar Valley (Urdu: وادی ہوپر) is a scenic portion of the Nagar Valley in northern Pakistan. It is about 10 km away from Nagar Khas, the principal city of the Nagar Valley. Hope Valley is the site of the Spantik and Hopar (Hopper) glaciers.Hope Valley is a cluster of villages around a natural bowl at a bend of Bualtar Glacier. Opposite Hopar the white Bualtar is joined by the Barpu Glacier. This is a base camp for treks into the high, glacier-draped peaks called the Hispar Muztagh. The whole population of this valley is Burushaski speakers. Burushaski has always been a mystery for linguists. This valley has many natural resources and natural beauty but ignorance by the government and local politicians contributes to it not being realized for its potential.

 

Rush Lake Nagar Valley Pakistan Highest Lake 

rush lake

 

Rush Lake is a high altitude lake located in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan near Rush Pari Peaka at an altitude of 4,694 meters. Rush is one of the highest alpine lakes in the world. It is located about 15 km (9 mi) north of Miar Peak and Spantik (Golden Peak), which are in the Nagar valley.

Rush Lake and Rush Peak can be reached via Nagar and Hopar and via the Hopar Glacier (Bualtar Glacier) and Miar Glacier, which rises from Miar and Phuparash peaks. The trek to Rush Lake provides spectacular views of Spantik, Malubiting, Miar Peak, Phuparash Peak and Ultar Sar.

In winters Rush lake’s water freeze. The whole area becomes white and gives spectacular views that are beyond in description. The trek to Rush Lake can be reached without the need for a long and difficult climb. The treks provide some of most amazing mountains views on earth. The trek to Rush Lake provides magnificent and wonderful views of Spantik, Malubiting, Miar Peak, Phuparash Peak and Ultar Sar. Crossing glaciers, meadows and terraced fields of Karakoram mountains comes Rush Lake. Rush Lake offers the beautiful view with crystal clear water, surrounded by lush green slopes full of wildflowers and peaks as high as 7000 meters.

Its a 7 day trip from Karimabad (Capital of Hunza Valley).

Day 01: Karimabad-Hopar: Drive from Karimabad to Hopar.

Day 02: Hopar-Shishkin: It is a hot walk so keep your water bottles full. First, you have to cross Hoper glacier, then continue track along the lateral moraine (a mass of rocks) for about an hour and arrive at Shiskin.

Day 03: Shiskin-Barpu Giram: Trek over a stony and hot gully leads to Barpu glacier, then crossing Barpu glacier is bit steep and takes almost an hour or two.

Day 04: Barpu Giram-Rush Lake: It is an easy zigzag path; at the top of this path one can have extensive views of high mountains like Lupghar, Momhil, , and Bullring.

Day 05: Rush Lake Rest Day: A free day at Rush Lake; one can climb Rush Peak. It is an easy walk for superb views of Hispar Gorge and a 360-degree panorama of Golden Peak, Miar, all of Hunza with Ultar and Passu Peak, all of Nagar and mountains to the north of Hispar.

Day 06: Trek Rush Lake/Gutens (3/4 hrs) Day 07: Trek Gutens/Hopar (4/5 hrs) Walk down to Hopar and later drive to Hunza by jeeps.

 

Nagar Valley in autumn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hunza Valley is located in the extreme north of Pakistan in Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas), fortified by the giant mountain ranges of Karakoram, Himalayas, Hindu-kush and Pamirs through the Wakhan Corridor and further north neighbored by the heavenly mountains of Tianshan and Kunlunsun and historic city of Kashgar. The legendary land of Hunza is most majestically placed on the roof of the world. It falls on a junction of old silk route, now replaced by the KKH, Karakoram Highway, “8th wonder of the world” snaking into the People’s Republic of China through the Khunjerab Pass 4733M, between Oxus and Indus. It is no doubt the SHANGRI LA, Heaven on earth.Hunza Valley in Autumn season

 

Hunza had been an independent state till 1974, ruled by the king,” tham”. Known for its far crag mountains, glaciers, men made oasis and fairy lands and known for bravery, hard work, longevity, hospitality and distinct cultural heritage, the people of Hunza have kept their autonomy for centuries and championed the ideals of freedom, equality, and peace in the region.Attaabad Lake(Newly formed on KKH)

 

Tour of Hunza commences with the visit of famous Baltit Fort 800 years old that has been restored by the Aga Khan Cultural Services. Altit Fort 900 years old that is located on the top of ruby marble rock cliff. The architure is clear indication of the Tibetan influence. This fort was built by the craftsmen from Baltistan when the ruler of Hunza has married a princess of Baltistan who bought with her many Balti craftsmen as part of her dowery to construct this fort. Ganish Fort is also worth to see that has been also restored recently. In Gulmit Village there is a local museum in the local traditional house with the unique collection of Hunza history, maps, utensils, musical instruments, a stuffed snow leopard, gems etc on display. You may visit Rock carving at Donaydas that is called Hunza scared rocks and ruby mine. You can have boat safari at the newly formed lake (Attabad Lake) due to the huge landslide that blocked the Hunza River.Hunza Valley View of Diran peak

 

The ancient “Silk Road” was lying buried in the history, mystery legends in some of the unbelievably terrible tales of the past. It is, however, possible to travel on Silk Road and visit the legendary city of Kashgar-China via Karakorum Highway (KKH) and Khunjerab Pass. In the annals of history the Khunjerab Pass and admired for pastures Autumn Season In Hunza Valley Rakaposhi (7788m)rather than the passage.